ISIS Destroyed Palmyra’s Majestic History. How Can Technology Help?

Digital reconstruction of the Temple of Bel from the New Palmyra project.

#NewPalmyra Crowdsources the Majestic History That ISIS Destroyed in Syria

An edited Post was originally written for Global Voices

Palmyra’s “Nightmare is Over” says Syria’s Head of Antiquities. His statement comes after Assad forces recaptured the ancient city of Palmyra which was under ISIS control since May 2015. However, 3D project was in progress since a while when Bassel Khartabil, the detained Syrian activist launched his #NewPlamyra pioneer initiative.

In less than a year, Palmyra lost most of its majestic archaeological monuments, the Baalshamin Temple, The Temple of Bel, two of the oldest structures in Palmyra, Arch of Triumph, The Tower of Elanbel and recently revealed the sabotage of its National Museum.

The extremist organization imposed its control over Palmyra city which is classified by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, in May 2015. The guerrillas have beheaded Khaled Asaad, the archaeologist has been in charge over 40 years. The destruction, or stealing and selling old artifacts on Facebook of museums and ancient sites been justified as that don’t conform with their medieval notion of Islam or been considered idols. The same fate was for a number of pre-islam archaeological sites in Iraq including 3,000-Year-Old Sculptures at a Museum in Mosul, Iraq.

New Palmyra Project

The first effort of having Palmyra ruins back digitally was in 2005. Was a dream of Bassel Khartabil, Palestinian-Syrian computer engineer and activist, Creative Commons leader in Syria and worked actively projects like Mozilla Firefox and Wikipedia, to reconstruct the old city in a free online database of renderings and media that helps reconstruct Palmyra’s history. His archive shows that in 2008 was able to construct complete 3D models.

However, Bassel arrested in March 15, 2012 and now is completing his four years in prison with his October 2015 forced disappearance. He is credited with opening up the Syrian Internet and extending online access and knowledge to the public. On October 7, 2015 Human Rights Watch and 30 other human rights organizations issued a letter demanding that Khartabil’s whereabouts be disclosed.

https://sketchfab.com/models/123ac87bfb1441ae9cc8c8cdd3ca169c/embed

#NEWPALMYRA: Temple of Bel
by #NEWPALMYRA
on Sketchfab

More Projects

According to Wired website, New Palmyra isn’t the only initiative seeking to use digital modeling to save the Middle East’s treasures from ISIS.

The Oxford Institute of Digital Archaeology has launched a Million Images Database seeks to bring low-cost 3D cameras to activists in Syria who can still document Another project by the 3D-scanning focus non-profit CyArk aims to use laser scanners to create models of endangered antiquities down to a few millimeters of accuracy.

Digital Archaeology project is planning to display the replicates of the Temple of Bel entry arch, date back to 32 AD, in London’s Trafalgar Square on 19th April, 2016.

On April 19, 2016, in cooperation with national and international cultural heritage preservation organizations, and in conjunction with World Heritage Week 2016, the Institute for Digital Archaeology will install a monumental scale reconstruction of Palmyra's Triumphal Arch on Trafalgar Square. Photo Source: Digital Archaeology

In conjunction with World Heritage Week 2016, the Institute for Digital Archaeology will install a monumental scale reconstruction of Palmyra’s Triumphal Arch on Trafalgar Square. Photo Source: Digital Archaeology

Although reported that Syrian Archaeological authorities have hidden some 300,000 artifacts from around Syria to safe places even before ISIS control most Northeastern territories, but buildings and ancient structures were left to face its own destiny. A Syrian official announced an instant recovery plan to restore Palmyra by the end of 2016.

“We expected the worst because of the liberation fighting but I think the nightmare is over. The panoramic picture of Palmyra is fine,”.

The government will take “precautionary measures in order not to let Palmyra fall again,”

About Rami Alhames

I'm a Syrian Brazilian, Freelance Translator and Social media contributor @GlobalVoices @GVinArabic, Meedan, in Portuguese, Arabic and English.
This entry was posted in Crises, Culture & Life, English, Eudcation & Human Rights, History, Photos, Video and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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