Brazil: overcoming poverty, inequality? /2/

The causes of Poverty

P.a.p.-Blog , Human Rights Etc. writes a series of causes because:

if we want to reduce the number of poor people we have to know what makes them poor in the first place.

Among a long list of articles, the author Filip Spagnoli defined: Foreign debt, globalization, lack of economic freedom, lack of economic growth, education, overpopulation, family structure, slavery, and overpopulation.

However, his last article about The Causes of Poverty (64): Rising Food Prices is getting more in depth. Filip said:

…..Poor people do indeed spend a large proportion of their income on food, which means that increases in prices have a direct effect on their financial situation and can even cause hunger. On the other hand, many poor people make their living in agriculture. Higher prices can mean higher incomes for them. The poor are, however, increasingly urban poor, and for them higher food prices are entirely bad news. So it’s not crazy to blame poverty on rising food prices. According to the World Bank, food prices have pushed 44 million people into poverty in 2010-11.

Child labour in Brazil. Source UN website

Also the Blog Poverty Law, poverty law for professors and legal academics wrote an abstract of Andre O. F. Loureiro, Can Conditional Cash Transfers Reduce Poverty and Crime? Evidence from Brazil:

Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT) programmes are deemed to be effective measures at reducing poverty and income inequality in many developing countries. Another possible important consequence is its effect on criminal behaviour. This paper analyses a panel data set on crime rates and the Brazilian Bolsa Familia, the largest CCT programme in the world, in order to investigate these relationships and estimate the effect of these policies on crime rates. The related existing economic literature analysing general welfare programmes generally ignores the crucial endogeneity involved in the relationship between crime rates and social welfare policies, through poverty.

Brazil also a country of acute income disparity; the richest 10% gain 44.5% of total income (Photo: Folha de S. Paulo)

International Copy?
In order to attain the millennium development goals set for Nigeria, the country to adopt Brazilian model for poverty reduction; said Dr Precious Kalamba Gbeneol, the Senior Special Assistant to the President on Millennium Development Goals.

According to Gbeneol, Nigeria operates a CCT scheme similar to that of Brazil in that it is modelled to help attain achievement of Health and Education[…..]. The Presidential Aide, who observed that education is key in the eradication of poverty, noted that Social Protection Schemes help to develop the people who in turn develop the economy. She however maintained that Conditional Cash Transfer Schemes alone cannot eradicate poverty and therefore needs to be complemented by other social programmes for maximum impact.

Proportion of the poor %. Source FVG, issued by Ministry of Finance.

Knowledge is central to overcoming poverty in Brazil
While debate over the government effort to overcome poverty in the country, IFAD Executive Board approves two projects worth US$56 million in funding for poverty reduction projects for the Brazilian states of Ceará and Sergipe, said IFAD social reporting blog:

The two projects will benefit over 80,000 poor rural families at a total cost of US$133 million, with US$56 million in IFAD funding.
“The Dom Távora and Paulo Freire Projects are named after famous Brazilian educators and advocates for the poor, and look at knowledge as the central tool to overcoming poverty,” said IFAD’s Country Program Manager for Brazil, Iván Cossio. “Paulo Freire will work in the state of Ceará and focus on providing over 60,000 poor rural families with the tools and training they need to overcome poverty. The Dom Távora Project will be implemented in Sergipe, and focuses on the promotion of rural businesses and capacity building, and will benefit around 20,000 rural households.”


About Rami Alhames

I'm a Syrian Brazilian, Freelance Translator and Social media contributor @GlobalVoices @GVinArabic, Meedan, in Portuguese, Arabic and English.
This entry was posted in Econmoy & Business, English, Eudcation & Human Rights, Portuguese and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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