Seems that UN campaign to end poverty in 2015 is just another challenge to accomplish for many countries around the globe; although, few countries made it journey closer to its target than others. Brazil, the biggest country in south america and the home of 194 million has captured the attention of the world for its achievement: 35 million Brazilians to escape poverty over the last decade thanks to its fast growth economy that, consequently, enhanced the middle class in Brazil. The economy watch blog wrote:
At least 53 percent of Brazil’s population – 104 million Brazilians – are now part of the nation’s middle class, compared to just 38 percent ten years ago, said an official study by the government on Thursday[…..]”If Brazil’s middle class formed a country, it would be the 12th largest, behind Mexico,”
the impact of various anti-poverty measures introduced by the two Lula governments, especially the Bolsa Família grants, the land settlement programme for small farmers, and the earlier rural pension, and finds that they have had little effect on inequality. This is because what really makes a difference to the income of poor people is their wages and, while the Lula government’s successive increases in the minimum wage have been important in reducing poverty, they have not narrowed the gap between the top earners and the lower earners.
The Bolsa Familia formerly known as Bolsa Escola was founded in 1995 by Senator Cristovam Buarque when he was the governor of Brazillia. It transformed later to a National program by the Lula da Silva’s administration in 2003-2011.
Brazil poverty figures
- 16 million is the number of people who still live in abject poverty -equivalent to the population of the Netherlands, says christian aid, The Real Brazil [pdf] in its blog Latin America Bureau (LAB).
- 14% is the percentage of women employed as maids, while many others are restricted to ‘typically female’ occupations such as nurses, secretaries and carers.
- 35,000 is the number of young people who die each year from firearms in Brazil.
The report “the inequality behind the statistics” [pdf] warns:
The greater the regional and local inequality, the lower the possibility of escaping inequality through traditional mechanisms – income transfer and generation of formal employment.
Brazil is one of the nations that has a long history with poverty which in 2012 forces nearly 1.4 million children to Work.
According to official figures released on the World Day Against Child Labor [pdf]. Child labour in Brazil is a phenomenon of an eminently rural nature. According to the study, the majority of those children work in rural areas, where poverty prevails and schools are few and far between. It counts 304,415 children between 5-10 years (9.9%) and 755,973 children between 11-14 years (36.6%); while overall, there are some of 1.4 million Brazilian children ranging in age from 5 to 14 are in the labour market.
In the case of children aged 11 to 14 years who live in families headed by women
without the presence of a husband, around 12.2 per cent work or are seeking employment. On the other hand, almost 15 per cent of children who live with couples are in the labour market.