It’s not secret that Brazil is attracting more foreign people to work and live thanks to its economic growth and world crises. However, the Brazilian borders are showing high numbers of both legal tourists, experts, professional; and illegal immigrants from both modern European and poor neighbors countries.
Though that Brazil is constructed over many historical waves of immigrants from the entire world, but by the end of 2011 there were 2 million foreign nationals living legally in Brazil, according to official figures, almost 1% of the 198 million Brazilians. That is said despite:
The idea that it’s easy to find work in Brazil is an illusion,
Fabiana Frayssinet wrote in her article Brazil to Open Doors to Skilled Immigrants, Slam Shut to Others, that Brazil is designing a new immigration policy.
The government has a specific interest in certain professions. The new immigration policy being drafted by the secretariat of strategic affairs is aimed at drawing highly qualified young professional and restricting the inflow of unskilled workers.
The statute on foreigners has different requisites for temporary and permanent residence permits and work visas, depending on the origin of the foreign applicants and other elements, such as the availability of local workers in each sector. It also provides for visas for humanitarian reasons and refugees.
Brazilian Official Figures:
- A shortage of between 200,000 and 400,000 qualified professionals.
- The most wanted areas are: oil industry, mining and information technology.
- IT industry will have a deficit of 800,000 professionals from now to 2014.
- The number of immigrants who came from Spain in 2011 is 45% higher than in 2010.
- There are 600,000 undocumented foreigners in the country (unofficial estimates).
- The number of foreign-born people increased 50% in 2011.
- The number of work visas issued was 32% higher than in 2010.
- 4000 illegal people have arrived from Haiti since 2010.